Ginger

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Ginger is one of the agriculture products identified by Nepal Trade Integration Strategy (NTIS 2010 as having export potential. Ginger export from Nepal has been increasing in the past six years. From 2004 to 2008, its export increased by 34% according to NTIS.

In fiscal year 2007-08, Nepali farmers produced 158,905 tons of ginger worth Rs. 9.2 billion compared to the global output of 1.3 million tons. Exports amounted to Rs. 1.3 billion out of which 99% went to India, China and Indonesia.healthy-ginger

Product development from ginger is yet to be initiated. Moreover, post-harvest treatment like grading and proper drying is essential in order to fetch premium prices for the product. Production of ginger needs more attention towards maintaining less fiber, which requires replacement with new planting material and increased seed replacement rates.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is regarded as the most important cash crop grown in the mid-hills marginal and submarginal lands at an altitude of 600 to 1,600 metres above sea level. The area and production of ginger is exponentially increasing over the years. In 2004/05, ginger was planted in 11,930 hectares (ha) of land producing 152,704 (mt) metric tons (AEC 2007).
The Agriculture Perspective Plan – APP (APROSC and JMA, 1995) and the Tenth Five-Year Plan (NPC, 2002) emphasized on the promotion of commercial production of high-value crops like fresh vegetables, spices and seeds. Despite the increasing planned efforts to commercialization and diversification of high-value crops, there are no deliberate efforts to develop marketing in the past (Mathema, 1998). Horticulture Master Plan and prioritized by the APP, the horticultural sector is considered as one of the high-value sectors that has tremendous potentials both in domestic and export markets.o.10171

Ginger is a cash crop grown in the mid-hills of Nepal. Many studies have shown that it has tremendous potentials both in domestic and export markets. Harnessing this potential requires scaling-up production and establishing collection centres. This study was conducted to find the ways to promote ginger micro-enterprise in Dhungegadhi VDC, Pyuthan. Though ginger is more labour-intensive than the cereal crops, farmers give priority to cereal crops to achieve minimum level of food security and grow ginger in a small area. Even with the limited information, this study was able to identify that low productivity of ginger is due to the use of local varieties and contaminated seeds. Farmers are price takers in the market. Despite the low productivity and market problem, farmers are still interested to grow ginger as it is a cash crop and gives more employment to family labour.
It was found that ginger production enterprise can be promoted with a little support in production and marketing. Practical training in seed production, rhizome selection for seed, disease management and market information analysis should be conducted to promote ginger production enterprise.

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